Tuesday, January 21, 2020

The Mexican State of Chiapas Essay example -- Culture History Historic

The Mexican State of Chiapas Historically, the preservation of culture and the progress of development have been conflicting ambitions. Mexico, in particular, has been a frequent witness to the violent clash of the Old and New Worlds ever since European explorers set foot on American soil in 1492. In particular, the Mexican state of Chiapas has resisted the desecration of Mayan culture for the past 500 years, culminating in the Zapatista Revolution that began on New Year’s Eve of 1994. This paper seeks to explore both the chronology of the Mayan fight for political and educational autonomy, as well as detail the historic reformation of the past decade. Mayan culture is one of the most ancient in the world, with origins reaching well into 1500 B.C. The Mayans inhabited various regions throughout Central and Latin America, though most were centralized on the Yucatà ¡n Peninsula in southern Mexico. The Mayans were innovators in agriculture, art and architecture, and were organized into small villages run by tribal councils. The Spanish conquest of the late 1400s and early 1500s forced a horrific halt to the traditional Mayan way of life. The human cost of the European conquest of the ‘New World’ was horrific. When quantified, the genocide becomes a multiple of the Holocaust by ten†¦Of an estimated 100 million indigenous people who populated the Western Hemisphere from the Arctic to Tierra del Fuego before the Conquest, 40 million resisted the genocide and survive today. The Europeans not only killed those Indians who resisted their colonization, but the introduction of foreign disease alone accounted for close to a million deaths in the early years of the Spanish conquest. Though it drew little interest... ... Equality†. < http://www.greatdreams.com/pablo.htm> (23 May 2004). Marcos, Our Word is Our Weapon (New York: Seven Stories Press, 1998), 2. Marcos, Our Word is Our Weapon (New York: Seven Stories Press, 1998), 13. John Ross, Rebellion from the Roots (Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press, 1995), 120. Blake Bailey, â€Å"A Chiapas Decade: Zapatistas Perspective†. (23 May 2004). Marcos, Our Word is Our Weapon (New York: Seven Stories Press, 1998), 190. Blake Bailey, â€Å"A Chiapas Decade: Zapatistas Perspective†. (23 May 2004). â€Å"Why We Reject the San Andres Accords† (22 May 2004). (22 May 2004). (22 May 2004).

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Age discrimination

Gus Atavist and the other candidates that were over the age of 40 were not consider for the new positions, therefore, showing that these antedates were being age discriminated against (He-man, Judge, Icemaker- Mueller, 2012). EPIC did not follow protocol on the listing the new position, interviewing or selecting the employees for the new CSS positions. EPIC did not post the position with the Job descriptions, therefore, not allowing candidates to know what the duties of the new positions were or allowing them to figure out if they met the qualification of the Job.In the past Gus has always received outstanding remarks on his appraisals, therefore, should be consider for the new CSS position. He was overlooked because they stated that he lacked technical and communication skills that are needed for the position. However, there was not any written comments or suggestion in his personnel file that stated that he lacked technical or communication skills. Thus, there was no documentation of why he did not receive the position.Past appraisals and personnel files of the candidates were not used until after the candidates were given the Job, therefore, the senior vice president of corporate claims (SPEC) and managers of corporate claims (MAC) did not know what the work ethics, skills and communication of the candidates were. The vice president of regional claims was not allowed to give any input on any of the candidates that worked under him. Thus, the candidates were not selected based on their qualifications or communication skills (He-man, Judge, Icemaker-Mueller, 2012).The SPEC and the MAC took the list of the candidates, discussed the candidate with each other and evaluated them. The candidates were never evaluated based on qualifications technical or communication skills because the personnel files, appraisals and the input of the VRRP or human resources were never used. Job description was not posted or wrote up to describe the details of the positions, therefor e, the SPEC and the MAC could not evaluate if the candidates were qualified for the Job. However, the only candidates that were offered position were the young candidates.These candidates did not have more skills, education, and qualification than the other candidates because the SPEC and the MAC did not follow human resource protocol (He-man, Judge, Icemaker-Mueller, 2012). Age discrimination involves treating a person/candidate unfavorable because of his or her age. For an example, not hiring or promoting a candidate because of their age (Sheen & Klein, 2001). Thus, the only conclusion is that Gus and the other candidates who are over the age of 40 were discriminated against because of their age.Rebuttal from the Viewpoint of EPIC Best Protection Insurance Company is in the process of restructuring. They have to eliminate regional center manager positions, however, they are increasing five new corporate claims specialist positions. Unfortunately, there are more position that are b eing eliminated than they are creating. Therefore, the ARC have to apply for the ewe positions if they want to stay with the organization. The SPEC and the MAC reviewed all the candidates. They looked at all the candidates' qualification, technical and communication skills.They selected those candidates who was the best candidates for the CSS positions and best for the organization to grow into the future. The personnel files, appraisals and the input from the VRRP were not needed in the first phase of promoting. The decision was made based on the experience that the SPEC and the MAC has working with the candidates. Based on the decisions the five candidates were offered the positions. After, the candidates were offered the positions the SPEC and the MAC did review the personnel files and the appraisals to make sure there was not discrepancy.Unfortunately, Gus Atavist and the other candidates were not the best candidates for the position. Gus lacks the technical and communication sk ills that EPIC need to grow into the future. Gus and the other candidates were not discriminated because of their age. Thus, their age was never consider or evaluated during the entire process. If they did meet the requirements their age could have been an added value because of their experience. The CSS position is an established position within the EPIC Company.Therefore, EPIC did not write a new Job description and qualification, since the positions was already created. The company is not creating a new Job, new Job description and new job qualifications. They are Just increasing the amount of CSS that they already have, therefore, a new Job description is not needed. Thus, the reason that the position was not posted, Job duties described and qualifications (He-man, Judge, Icemaker- EPIC is an equal employment opportunity employer and they do not discriminate against race, sex, or any other characteristics.The company has not been accused of discrimination until now when not all the candidates did not receive the promotion to the CSS position. Gus Atavist and other candidates that were not chosen could not give examples of the younger employees being favored over them before in the past. Thus, EPIC does not discriminated against anyone, the only reason that age discrimination is being brought up is because Gus and the other candidates were not qualified and did not receive the promotion (Age Discrimination, 2014).In conclusion, the candidates were reviewed and evaluated based on their lubrication, technical and communication skills. The SPEC and the MAC did their evaluation based on the past work experience. After the selection the personnel files and appraisal were review to make sure the candidates were the best candidates. Unfortunately, there was only five positions that were added and some employees were going to have lose their positions. Gus Atavist and the other candidates were not discriminated because of their age. They were not selected because t hey did not meet the requirements for the position. Age discrimination Gus Atavist and the other candidates that were over the age of 40 were not consider for the new positions, therefore, showing that these antedates were being age discriminated against (He-man, Judge, Icemaker- Mueller, 2012). EPIC did not follow protocol on the listing the new position, interviewing or selecting the employees for the new CSS positions. EPIC did not post the position with the Job descriptions, therefore, not allowing candidates to know what the duties of the new positions were or allowing them to figure out if they met the qualification of the Job.In the past Gus has always received outstanding remarks on his appraisals, therefore, should be consider for the new CSS position. He was overlooked because they stated that he lacked technical and communication skills that are needed for the position. However, there was not any written comments or suggestion in his personnel file that stated that he lacked technical or communication skills. Thus, there was no documentation of why he did not receive the position.Past appraisals and personnel files of the candidates were not used until after the candidates were given the Job, therefore, the senior vice president of corporate claims (SPEC) and managers of corporate claims (MAC) did not know what the work ethics, skills and communication of the candidates were. The vice president of regional claims was not allowed to give any input on any of the candidates that worked under him. Thus, the candidates were not selected based on their qualifications or communication skills (He-man, Judge, Icemaker-Mueller, 2012).The SPEC and the MAC took the list of the candidates, discussed the candidate with each other and evaluated them. The candidates were never evaluated based on qualifications technical or communication skills because the personnel files, appraisals and the input of the VRRP or human resources were never used. Job description was not posted or wrote up to describe the details of the positions, therefor e, the SPEC and the MAC could not evaluate if the candidates were qualified for the Job. However, the only candidates that were offered position were the young candidates.These candidates did not have more skills, education, and qualification than the other candidates because the SPEC and the MAC did not follow human resource protocol (He-man, Judge, Icemaker-Mueller, 2012). Age discrimination involves treating a person/candidate unfavorable because of his or her age. For an example, not hiring or promoting a candidate because of their age (Sheen & Klein, 2001). Thus, the only conclusion is that Gus and the other candidates who are over the age of 40 were discriminated against because of their age.Rebuttal from the Viewpoint of EPIC Best Protection Insurance Company is in the process of restructuring. They have to eliminate regional center manager positions, however, they are increasing five new corporate claims specialist positions. Unfortunately, there are more position that are b eing eliminated than they are creating. Therefore, the ARC have to apply for the ewe positions if they want to stay with the organization. The SPEC and the MAC reviewed all the candidates. They looked at all the candidates' qualification, technical and communication skills.They selected those candidates who was the best candidates for the CSS positions and best for the organization to grow into the future. The personnel files, appraisals and the input from the VRRP were not needed in the first phase of promoting. The decision was made based on the experience that the SPEC and the MAC has working with the candidates. Based on the decisions the five candidates were offered the positions. After, the candidates were offered the positions the SPEC and the MAC did review the personnel files and the appraisals to make sure there was not discrepancy.Unfortunately, Gus Atavist and the other candidates were not the best candidates for the position. Gus lacks the technical and communication sk ills that EPIC need to grow into the future. Gus and the other candidates were not discriminated because of their age. Thus, their age was never consider or evaluated during the entire process. If they did meet the requirements their age could have been an added value because of their experience. The CSS position is an established position within the EPIC Company.Therefore, EPIC did not write a new Job description and qualification, since the positions was already created. The company is not creating a new Job, new Job description and new job qualifications. They are Just increasing the amount of CSS that they already have, therefore, a new Job description is not needed. Thus, the reason that the position was not posted, Job duties described and qualifications (He-man, Judge, Icemaker- EPIC is an equal employment opportunity employer and they do not discriminate against race, sex, or any other characteristics.The company has not been accused of discrimination until now when not all the candidates did not receive the promotion to the CSS position. Gus Atavist and other candidates that were not chosen could not give examples of the younger employees being favored over them before in the past. Thus, EPIC does not discriminated against anyone, the only reason that age discrimination is being brought up is because Gus and the other candidates were not qualified and did not receive the promotion (Age Discrimination, 2014).In conclusion, the candidates were reviewed and evaluated based on their lubrication, technical and communication skills. The SPEC and the MAC did their evaluation based on the past work experience. After the selection the personnel files and appraisal were review to make sure the candidates were the best candidates. Unfortunately, there was only five positions that were added and some employees were going to have lose their positions. Gus Atavist and the other candidates were not discriminated because of their age. They were not selected because t hey did not meet the requirements for the position.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Total Effects Of Boot Camps That House Juveniles

The Total Effects of Boot Camps That House Juveniles: A Systematic Review of the Evidence. In the 1980s the first shock incarceration programs or boot camp was introduced for the adult’s correctional system. Since than it have rapidly grown, and widely adopted across the fields of corrections and juvenile justice. The attraction towards the shock incarceration program originated from the instinctive belief that military methods promote honorable behavior. However, for others, it is the effect of hopelessness fueled by the shortfall of more constructive opportunities. Historically, training school and juvenile correctional facilities operation have been according to the quasi-military structure in response to the high crime rates in 1960s and 1970s. Regardless of boot camps initial popularity, academics and practitioners have criticized the boot camp program on practical and ideological grounds. For instance, critics argued that boot camps structure and process are ideologically incomparable with rehabilitative treatment. Academics and practitioners argued that boot camps may be efficient at achieving their expected goals for the military, but they are contradictory to rehabilitation because it is not targeting the cause of delinquency. Likewise, boot camp can also hinder rehabilitation by relying only on negative reinforcement. Moreover, experts have argued that boot camp may be partly responsible for the abuse of participants since many boot camps stick to theShow MoreRelated Juvenile Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Juvenile Delinquency Essay3001 W ords   |  13 PagesIntroduction Juvenile delinquency is a relatively new phenomenon. For this reason, society’s reactions and solutions to the problem of delinquency are also modern developments. The United States developed the first youth court in 1899 and is now home to many new and formerly untested methods of juvenile rehabilitation and correction. One of many unique programs within the Juvenile Justice system, boot camps are institutions designed to keep delinquent juveniles out of traditional incarcerationRead MorePrison Overcrowding : The United States1535 Words   |  7 Pagesfor minor and major offences such as murder. America is hard on crime. When someone breaks the law the criminal justice’s system seeks an eye for an eye. Prison overcrowding has become a major problem in the United States, it is very expensive to house an inmate and there are other methods to punish offenders without sending them to prison for extended periods of time. The American criminal justice system is hard on cri me. It is possible that the American criminal justice system is too hard on crimeRead MoreDefinitions Of Probation And Probation Essay956 Words   |  4 Pagescontact with the offender as does intensive supervised probation (Allen and Latessa 120). The third classification of probation is house arrest, also called home detention. While searching for a safe and secure alternative to incarceration, home detention was introduced. Home detention is the confining of the offender to one’s home for the duration of their sentence. House arrest is usually ordered along with the traditional probation requirements. The offenders are often required to wear an electronicRead MoreThe Effectiveness of Probation Boot Camps2932 Words   |  12 PagesName: Tutor: Course: Date: How Effective Are Probation Boot Camps? Probation Boot Camps Probation boot camps refer to correctional centers that follow a military essential training model, which emphasizes discipline as well as physical conditioning. They are based on shock incarceration and military techniques, and are aimed at assisting young offenders. The first known boot camp was started in 1971 in Idaho though their popularity did not start until 1983 when they were created in OklahomaRead MoreEssay about Proposal to Cut Down Juvenile Crime2359 Words   |  10 PagesThe problem of juvenile violence has become one of the most overwhelming problems of our time for Texas and for the United States. The problem is spread throughout the United States. The serious crimes are usually thought to be problems of the urban city, but this is no longer a problem just for the inner city. The problem has spread through the suburban areas of the city in cases just like the first example. Citizens are spending tons of money trying to fight the problem on their own. They purc haseRead MoreJuvenile Crime Issues in Today’s Criminal Justice System18893 Words   |  76 Pagesrights that may be threatened by technological advances and other developments:  ©  ©  ©  © chapter 15 Juvenile Justice chapter 16 Drugs and Crime chapter 17 Terrorism and Multinational Criminal Justice chapter 18 The Future of Criminal Justice These individual rights must be effectively balanced against these present and emerging community concerns: Widespread drug abuse among youth The threat of juvenile crime Urban gang violence High-technology, computer, and Internet crime (cybercrime) TerrorismRead MoreCritical Issues in the American Criminal Justice System - Sentencing Decisions and the Death Penalty4477 Words   |  18 Pagesovercrowding and focused more specifically on the negative effects of each. Highlighted in this informational paper is the interrelated nature of the issues; each issue affects and is affected by the others. Data and information has been gathered from the FBI Uniform Crime Report, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, Amnesty International, the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, and other scholarly works. Amongst the information given here are the detrimental effects of under-funding in the correctional system, the linkRead More Criminals and Society: The Battle Between Reintegration and Recidivism3262 Words   |  14 Pagesincarcerated citizens rises, but the number of actual rehabilitated persons decreases. Even in the face of community programs aimed at aiding released offenders with their bids at reintegration, job training programs within the jails themselves, and boot camp release programs, there are often significant roadblocks to successful reintegration. Along with a general feeling of disapproval from the people within their social circles, reporting to or being visited at home or work by parole officers, repeatedRead MoreCriminals and Society: The Battle Between Reintegration and Recidivism3286 Words   |  14 Pagesincarcerated citizens rises, but the number of actual rehabilitated persons decreases. Even in the face of community programs aimed at aiding released offenders with their bids at reintegration, job training programs within the jails themselves, and boot camp release programs, there are often significant roadblocks to successful reintegration. Along with a general feeling of disapproval from the people within their social circles, reporting to or being visited at home or work by parole officers, repeatedRead MoreUnderstanding Emotional Differences between Male and Female Prisoners through Deficiency Theory and Importation Theory4979 Words   |  20 Pagesthe amount of problems posed by the establishment or the incarceration know-how which are thought to bring on specific adaptations or responses; introduction refers to dissimilar dispositions brought in from the exterior by the inmates who have an effect on their adaptation or response to the prison setting (Aday Webster, 1979). Importation factors would comprise sex differences and the demographic disparities of men and women inmates. Sex distinctions, as discussed earlier, may be biological

Friday, December 27, 2019

The Societal Construction Of Sexual Scripts And Gendered...

â€Å"You lie so much, you have become to believe your own lies† (140). The societal construction of sexual scripts and gendered expectations produces a universal emphasis on heteronormativity. As a result, any deviance from said expectations frequently results in societal opprobrium and thus a conditioned fear for those who fail to conform to their hetero-dominant culture. In Giovanni’s Room, we encounter a young man, David, who battles with his sexuality throughout his life, even in cultures more openly accepting than his native Brooklyn. David’s own propensity for self-deception and hatred is externalized in his interactions with those who represent the sexual identify he so desperately tries to deny and repress. This active projection is crucial in understanding David’s concept of masculinity and his ingrained fear of rejection by the heternormative society that produced him. Societal and familial gender and sexual socialization play a major role in Da vid’s persistent self-hatred. His father placed an extreme emphasis on masculinity during David’s childhood. David overhears him tell his aunt that, â€Å"all he wants for David is that he grow up to be a man† (15). The heternormative culture of Giovanni’s Room taught David that in order to be a real man, you must desire, love, and marry a woman. As a result of this gender and sexual socialization, David experiences persistent feelings of self-hatred and in order to cope with those feelings, he continually lies to himself about hisShow MoreRelatedSexuality and the development of a sexual selfhood is a development that can occur during900 Words   |  4 PagesSexuality and the development of a sexual selfhood is a development that can occur during adolescence. While this categorical event may be universal, how it is experienced is unique based on personal, social, and contextual reasons. This development arises from an intertwining of physiological and ps ychological processes and is tightly related to identity. Historically, research on sexuality has been driven by a public health agenda, which is overshadowed by moral panic and bad outcomes of adolescentRead MoreSex vs Gender1177 Words   |  5 Pages curly red hair, the â€Å"coke bottle† body, the model walk, the perfectly formed busty boobs and the flawless skin; however, Danielle, biologically, was a male. This uproar was prompted by the defilement of societal expectations that an individual’s biological sex should determine a fixed gendered behavior. In essence, Danielle was to be a Dan with expected man behavior and male genitalia. This, however, is a common misconception in society. Because gender and sex are often used interchangeably in societyRead MoreIdentity And Cultural Identity In Oscar WildesThe Art Of Deception?1491 Words   |  6 Pagesthe Navajo women’s cultural identities in such a way that it could capitalize upon both the women’s labors and identities; in doing so, Fairfeld dominated the common narrative of its employees’ identities with its marketing. It staged the social expectation which justified the exploitation of these women; that the women strained themselves with long hours of demanding work was an expected performance in a â€Å"labor of love† (939). Such narrative, constructed through the medium of advertisements and presentationRead MoreSexual Socialization Is A Gradual Developmental Process1853 Words   |  8 PagesSexual socialization is a gradual developmental process that occurs throughout life. familial and social contexts influence and shape men’s sexual socialization. In July of 2015, Katherine R. Allen and Erin S. Lavender-Stott published their research article titled, Family Contexts of Informal Sex Education: Young Men’s Perceptions of First Sexual Images, published by the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. The authors examined young men’s recollection of their first reactions inRead MoreInf luence Of Cognitive Development On Gender Identity3129 Words   |  13 Pagesand studies conducted on this unique topic in human development, various cognitive theories have emerged to justify the evolution of gender identity. In order to further examine gender identity, it is critical to distinguish gender identity from societal terms that do not properly define its true semantic. Gender Identity is an individual’s personification attributing to the inner sense of being either male or female (Carlson Heth, 2010). In this context, one assigns their gender based on theirRead MoreAn Allegorical Reflection on the Mexican Revolution4344 Words   |  18 Pagesconstructs a critique of the Revolution as it pertains to female identity in terms of power, economics, and race. A critical examination of the narrative construction, character development, and cinematography will illustrate how this focus upon the role of women within the era of the Mexican Revolution is more a reflection of contemporary gendered-social roles than an accurate portrayal of Revolutionary ideals. To paraphrase Andrà ©s de Luna, how has the film sifted Mexican history for what wasRead MoreHistory of Transgender9448 Words   |  38 Pagesallow him- or herself to be critically influenced by a description of large societal developments through time, which have set the stage for todays life. The depth of our own sense of gender is rooted in our personal histories. Most children grow up trying to be a good son or a good daughter, to a father who wants to be a good dad, and a mom who wants to be a good mom. Our earliest experiences and loyalties have been gendered. Then and now, we need to feel loved to feel secure. And whatever historiansRead MoreDiversity at Disney5774 Words   |  24 Pagespublishing and merchandising, and owns and licenses 14 theme parks worldwide (Silkos, 2009). The purpose is to analyze Disney according to major organizing principles of society: gender, race, age, religion, disabilities and sexual orientation. Children learn about these societal constructs from many sources, but the media are powerful sources of learning. Given Disney’s dominant position in children’s media, it is important to examine the messages related to diversity. Disney views the developmentRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pages1 Table 6.2 Table 6.3 Table 9.1 Table 9.2 Table 9.3 Table 10.1 Table 10.2 Knowledge constituting philosophical assumptions Hierarchy of science and organization theory Fatalism and optimism in the ‘new’ modernist organization Bell’s stages of societal development Fordism vs. post-fordism The incidence of part-time work in European Union member states Modernism versus postmodernism Affirmative versus sceptical postmodernism The changing condition of knowledge Pay and profits: Long run performance

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Taking a Look at the Death Penalty - 918 Words

The death penalty is one of the oldest punishments in the world. It has many kinds and always appeared with blood and fright in the history. As the world developing, we got stuck in a problem, that whether we should abolish the death penalty. We have many arguments about the death penalty at present. There are more than 140 countries abolished it. Also the 58 nations with 65 percent population still used it, like China, America, Japan. Many lawyers, judges, politics and scholars also have their own opinions about the death penalty, some thinks the death penalty should be abolished because the death penalty cannot reduce the criminal rate. on the contrary, it increase the criminal rate like America. But others don’t think so. In a word, whether the death penalty should be abolished or not is a argument topic. we think the death penalty should be abolished, and there are three reasons. James’ part Crime has not decreased because of the death penalty surprised us. Because there are some serious crime hurts the people too much, some people decided to punish them and reduce criminal rates and then created death penalty. The feeling illusion may be a most of us agree with them that it can reduce criminal rate and prevent citizens to crime. But in fact, a research about the relation of the dead penalty and criminal rate by United Nations in 1988 and 2002 is opposite to the common sense. The research tells us a unbelievable result that the criminal rate is direct influenced byShow MoreRelatedTaking a Look at the Death Penalty1195 Words   |  5 PagesDeath Penalty Many criminals who commit murder are sentenced to death for the crimes they have committed. The death penalty is a highly controversial practice and the question that must be raised is: Should society continue to use the death penalty as a punishment for heinous crimes? Currently, this turbulent topic continues to be argued. According to the Death Penalty Information Center, there are already eighteen states that have abolished this archaic form of justice. Our society is movingRead MoreTaking a Look at the Death Penalty1013 Words   |  4 Pages Death Penalty should be allowed under circumstances also known as capital punishment, where congress or any state legislature recommend the death penalty for murder and other capital crimes. Majority of the states are favor in death penalty, roughly around 32 states are favor and 18 states are against death penalty. In most cases, many argue that death penalty has violated the 8th amendment, where it bans cruel and unusual punishment. Therefore, they would go against death penalty. However, withoutRead MoreTaking a Look at the Death Penalty694 Words   |  3 Pagesgenerations to come. This is where the death penalty comes into place. What type of feelings would you encounter knowing your children were in danger on a daily basis? We are capable of putting certain people away for our safety. The death penalty may be expensive, but it should stand nationwide on the grounds that it lowers crime rates and it is justified. The death penalty is too expensive to enact. Every case having to do with the penalty of death costs an extra chunk load of money, trialsRead MoreTaking a Look at the Death Penalty1168 Words   |  5 PagesDeath Penalty To have a loved one taken away in such a cruel manner to have a memory that haunts you every living moment. The death penalty would not merely add up for what has happened to you or family. The death penalty should be illegal for many reasons such it is immoral, it doesn’t ensure closure for the victim or the victim’s family, and although some people think that the death penalty will deter crime it really is ineffective overall. Many people think it is right to kill someone forRead MoreTaking a Look at the Death Penalty659 Words   |  3 PagesThe death penalty occurs when someone kills another human being for money, ether intention, knowing or even recklessly. â€Å"The death penalty violates the right to life as proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the right to be free from cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment.† (The Ultimate Denial of Human Rights) in this world, no one has the right to take another human being’s life, every human being is entitled to life. According to Reggio, the death penalty startedRead MoreTaking a Look at the Death Penalty1029 Words   |  4 Pages The death penalty has been around for decades, and since the beginning it has been a major topic of discussion. It’s been very controversial because there are religious issues and moral issues in some people’s minds. The death penalty is a topic that has always had moral principles and ethical issues. There’s really no in between with what people believe, they are either fully for the death penalty, or completely against it. However, both sides have completely ethical reasons as to why they believeRead MoreTaking a Look at the Death Penalty614 Words   |  2 Pages Capital punishment or the death penalty is a legal process where a person is put to death as a punishment for a crime that person has committed. Forms of Capital punishment has been around for hundreds of years. Execution of criminals have been used by almost every so ciety that has ever existed. People were executed for all types of crimes from being accused of witch craft to lying. In some cases a vast amount of people were put to death with capital punishment. In the 20th century tens of millionsRead MoreThe Death Penalty Is The Punishment Of Execution1247 Words   |  5 PagesWhat is the death penalty? The death penalty is the punishment of execution, administered to someone legally convicted of a capital crime. In the reading selection â€Å"The DEATH PENALTY in AMERICA† Bedau says that â€Å"The history of the death penalty in America can be useful if roughly divided into six epochs of very uneven duration and importance (3)†.The author is saying that the history of the death penalty can be usefully if it is separate into different time period. The author says â€Å"first, from theRead MoreThe Ethics of Capital Punishment Essay1608 Words   |  7 PagesCapital punishment is known to some people one of the cruelest punishmen t to humanity. Some people believe giving a person the death penalty does not solve anything. While others believe it is payback to the criminal for the crime they have committed. There have been 13,000 people executed since the colonial times, among 1900 and 1985 there were 139 innocent people sentence to death only 23 were executed. In 1967 lack of support and legal challenges cut the execution rate to zero bringing the practiceRead MoreCessation of Life: Who are we to choose?- A look into the Death Penalty686 Words   |  3 Pagescrime, sometimes the only justice seems to be an eye for an eye. And most of the time those victims look to our court systems to provide that justice. But is death the answer? I believe that with human fallibility and the fallibility of our court system as variables, that a sentence that cannot be overturned should not be passed down in any case, especially when that sentence is as irreversible as death. In an editorial from USA Today found on death penaltyinfo.org, Justice Sandra Day O’Connor is

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Strategic Information System at Abode Free-Samples for Students

Question: Write a Literature Review on an Organization that is using Accounting Software Packages in Australia. Answer: Introduction Abode is founded in 1991 and is leading manufacturer of fines luxurious bed linen. As of date, it manufactures numerous products like Bathmats, bathrobes, skin care, pillows, blankets, quilts and limited clothing as well as furniture. It is fully based out of Melbourne and warehouse, factory, showroom all are located at 1 place at Melbourne. They sell the products at retail stores, at their showrooms as well as take bulk orders from various hotels (https://www.abodeliving.com/ ). Their products are also hit in various hotels especially their thick linen and takes bulk orders online. They import their material from suppliers from Europe as well as other countries. Standards and quality is very high at Abode. It manufacturers standard specifications products which are often make to stock and available at retail shops and it also takes makes to order for bulk orders. It is currently using ERP Australia which is point of sales systems to get data directly from retail stores about their p roducts. They have also created their website but their systems are not integrated as such. For instance, ERP systems are maintaining the latest data about on hand inventory but is not linked or synchronized with the website where customer places order. Thus, there is redundant effort of updating data at the backend of the website from ERP and Abode is looking to replace its existing systems with the new IT systems that provides better support. This paper will deal with analyzing their requirements and conclude by suggesting them the suitable accounting software aligned with their requirement. Abode Living Analysis Current organizational structure Abode is family owned and run business and thus not as professional as large organizations. The advantage is that decision making is quick and there is no bureaucracy and multiple levels of approvals. Current management is actually fifth generation to follow this trend of bed line and textiles businesses. Thus, different family members head different product line like Bedroom products, bathroom products, Kitchen and Dining products, Homeware products, Clothing and so on and takes decisions accordingly. For common requirements of raw materials, they coordinate to get the bulk discount. Operational problems at Abode Abode is facing numerous issues due to different IT systems that works in silos. To keep both the systems, there is manual effort required. Data does not flow from their Backend/ERP systems into the system that feed its website. As a result, sometime, the price are not updated, product quantity is not updated and when people orders from the website, it can cause issues as people can see the different prices on different days and become sceptic. Systems should be integrated ideally. Functionality of the existing system is quite limited and there is no provision of e-procurement which is the latest trend (Vaidya, Campbell, 2016). Also, there is no way to record quality of manufacturing processes and quality of materials send by the suppliers in the IT systems. They also need system which can calculate the appropriate cost of various products by taking into account the bills of material data, various resources and manufacturing operations to get more granular level of costing (Ising, 2 014). Some of the other issues as Abode are their inability to calculate GP margin, no standard reports, and difficulty in reconciliation mismatch in inventory in systems and in reality. Current systems also lacks functionality like reorder point planning which is used to control the inventory levels. Most suitable system acquisition method commercial software, custom software, or ERP? The business at Adobe is not very complex as there is only 1 location that has been used as everything from warehouse, office to manufacturing facility. Also, Abode is also operating in 1 country and exporting materials worldwide. Custom software does not make sense until you have a business which is highly customized or has the business processes which can be supported by the standard products available in the market or you need to develop huge customizations in standard products to make them fit for their business. Clearly, this is not the case here. ERP systems are suitable for those organizations that have their operations in numerous countries, have manufacturing location in different parts of the world and buy material from numerous suppliers. This is also not the case here as Abode is a medium scale company (Susan, 2014). Big companies like Toyota, GE, and Emerson electric will fall into this category. The best option would be to acquire the commercial software which will be available on cloud. Time to implement will be less and Return on Investment (ROI) will be higher by choosing commercial software. Sales cycle at Abode Abode living sells material directly at its Showrooms where people walk in and gives order for their particular requirements and specifications. After manufacturing the products tailored to their needs, it ships them the product. Payment can be either prepayment or sometimes customer pays after products is shipped. It depends upon the quantity of order and the contract with the customer whether it is 1 time customer or the one who orders regularly. Abode also sells at various retailers particularly those products which are suitable from household purposes. These products are generally standard products. It also bids for the larger contracts from the Hotels chains, Hospitals for providing thick bed linen and other products for a continuous period of 5 years or so. And it also gives the option of ordering online via its website. Thus, it can be said that it has suitable distribution channels to capture different segments of the markets. It also maintains account receivables for the customers having credits and close the sales order line in the system once it receives the money. And then during every month closure, it posts all the transactions from sub ledger to general ledger for that particular month. Control problems and frauds possible in current system Currently systems are not integrated i.e. data from 1 system does not flow into other system. Point of sales data flows into ERP databases which is not synchronized with the database that feeds its website. As a result, at a given time, different systems have different quantities and data and this can results in issues during audit. There are no reporting and analytics and users spend huge time in crunching data to analyze about the performance of various indicators and to make some intelligence out of the given system There is no security provided by the current IT systems. As it is family owned business, it is possible that Abode does not require much security but going forward as the business will increase and more and more users will come into picture, it certainly needs security (Eruguz, Jemai, Sahin, Dallery, 2014). Accounting software Analysis The accounting software analysis can be carried out as: Development of the accounting software packages Evolution of accounting software packages has come a long way. It was in 1955, about 60 years before, that computer was sold to a business for accounting purposes. Then In 1983, Teleware has developed accounting software. In the same year, Intuit also developed a software for accounting which was called Quicken during that time. Telewares software was brought by another company that change its name to MYOB in 1999. Since then, there is no looking back. There are numerous players that have entered in to the market like SYPRO, XERO, RECKON along with Quicken and MYOB. Not only this, each of this software has multiple versions for small, medium and growing businesses. Each version is supported on desktop as well as on cloud. MYOB which was the bestselling accounting software in Australia has recently lost its status to Xero because of its lack of focus on cloud. The current market size This is the age of disruption, transformation and digital revolution. Customer is very demanding in this globalized world where it has options to buy from across the world. At same time, organizations are also facing the huge pressure. Thus, most of the organizations are using or planning to use the accounting software packages. Not only this, organizations that already have accounting packages are now looking for advanced systems that provides more functionalities and also capture analytics and provides intelligence. There is a huge potential market for accounting software packages and its market size is currently around 20 billion industry. Per the report from IBIS, accounting IT packages have grown at 2.6% from 2012-2016 (https://www.ibisworld.com.au ). And ready for much higher growth rate with the advent of cloud computing and growing awareness among the organization in coming years. Leaders in the market and their competitive advantage Cloud applications are the current flavor of the world due to their attractive pricing structure while on the premise applications are not only expensive and often take more time to implement (Senarathna, Warren, Yeoh, Salzman, 2015). On premise are traditional software that are more suitable for large corporations while Clouds are suitable for small and medium scale companies. MYOB has been the leader in selling on premise software and Xero has been the biggest cloud computing company. Thus, While MYOB was the leader few year back, Xero has been the leader currently in Australians markets as the rising wave of Cloud has turn the tide in its favor (Yigitbasioglu, 2015). MYOB is also now pushing aggressively for Cloud and fighting hard to regains its lost glory, though it still has 2nd largest market share. Xero has the competitive advantage in having the biggest cloud infrastructure while MYOB has the advantage in its existing customer base which if upgrades to MYOB cloud will be a huge growth driver for MYOB. Current gaps or challenges encountered customers of accounting software/packages and recommendations There are many software available in the market designed for manufacturing as well as for retail companies. As per the current business model of Abode, it needs IT systems that can support both manufacturing and retail side of its business. Currently existing systems are not integrated. Considering the requirements, controls and frauds at Abode, MYOB exo will be a good fit as it provides inventory control techniques like min ma planning, economic order quantity, supports e-procurement, has distribution modules and also provides decent reporting and analytics. There is not much requirement of integrating with Bolton sytems and MYOB also does not have much flexibility on that front. On the other hand, SYSPRO and Xero provides good integration with 3rd party bolt on system. Also, MYOB was earlier known for advanced features in finance, GST, taxation but not in Inventory modules .However, latest offering of MYOB exo removes all the gaps of earlier versions and can be configured for diffe rent business environments (https://www.myob.com/au ). Also, MYOB has excellent customer support and has been in the market for close to decades having worked with numerous of clients had gained the superb credibility with numerous testimonials. Not only this, Early settler which also has similar business lines as Abode has implemented MYOB exo and quite satisfied. (https://www.myob.com/au/enterprise/case-studies/early-settler-retail ) Conclusion This paper analyzes the current challenges faced by the Abode living in Australia due to their IT infrastructure which is not integrated. It also discusses the history of the accounting software packages development in Australia and the current market size and competitive landscape. After analyzing the software and controls and requirements at Abode, MYOB exo is recommended for Abode s as this software package is closely aligned to Abode business requirements and also their closest competitors early settler is also using the same accounting package. References Eruguz, A. S., Jemai, Z., Sahin, E., Dallery, Y. (2014). Optimising reorder intervals and order-up-to levels in guaranteed service supply chains. International Journal of Production Research, 52(1), 149-164. Ising, P. (2014). Discretionary Reporting. In Earnings Accruals and Real Activities Management around Initial Public Offerings (pp. 11-29). Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. Senarathna, I., Warren, M., Yeoh, W., Salzman, S. (2015). A Conceptual Model for Cloud Computing Adoption by SMEs in Australia'. In Delivery and Adoption of Cloud Computing Services in Contemporary Organizations (pp. 100-128). IGI Global. Susan Parcells CPA, C. G. M. A. (2014). Where ERP Systems Fall Short-Other Software Catches Up. Strategic Finance, 96(4), 35. Vaidya, K., Campbell, J. (2016). Multidisciplinary approach to defining public e-procurement and evaluating its impact on procurement efficiency. Information Systems Frontiers, 18(2), 333-348. Yigitbasioglu, O. M. (2015). External auditors' perceptions of cloud computing adoption in Australia. International Journal of Accounting Information Systems, 18, 46-62.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Speech Outline free essay sample

When responding to a medical emergency you should take three main stepssurvey the scene, contact emergency medical services, and start CPR. Method of Organization: Chronological Introduction (Begin your presentation with the statement beside Roman numeral I) IFirst Sentence: Imagine youre at home eating a holiday dinner with your family and your uncle begins to suffer a heart attack. Would you know how to handle the situation by administering cardiopulmonary resuscitation, better know as CPR? IIISpecific Purpose: As a lifeguard, I have been certified in CPR for the past four years and Ill teach you what to do when responding to a medical emergency.. IVThesis: Tonight I will explain the lifesaving process of surveying an emergency, contacting emergency medical services, and administering CPR. Body I. According to the American Red Cross, the first step in an emergency is to survey the scene. A. The most important thing in administering First Aid is to make sure you and the victim are safe B. We will write a custom essay sample on Speech Outline or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page If it is safe to proceed and the victim is not moving, gently shake the victim and ask if she or he is O. K. C. Then, call for help. II. The second step in an emergency is to contact an emergency medical service (EMS). A. There are several ways to contact an EMS. One way is to call 911 If there is no 911 service in your area, call the police or hospital directly. You can also call the operator, who will contact the police or hospital for you. B. Designate one person around you to call EMS. C. If there is no one around, you must call EMS yourself III. The third step in an emergency is to administer CPR. A. Position the victim. Move the victim into the correct position, keeping the persons body as stable as possible. Position yourself next to the victims shoulders. B. Check the ABCs Opens the airway. Check for breathing a. Look, listen, and feel for the victims breath. b. If the victim is not breathing, give him or her two quick breaths right away. Check the pulse C. If there is no pulse, begin chest compressions immediately. Position your hands on the victims chest. Straighten your arms and lock your elbows so your shoulders are directly over your hands Compress the chest of victim 1-1/2 to 2 a. Compress the chest fifteen times while counting out loud. Compress for one second each time. D. Repeat the cycles of breathing and chest compression four times. After the fourth cycle, check the victims pulse. If there is still no pulse, resume the cycles of breathing and chest compression until the victim starts to breath or until medical professionals arrive. Conclusion IThis short speech has shown you the importance of surveying the scene of an emergency, contacting an emergency medical service, and starting CPR. IIBecause of your knowledge of these three steps, you can be the vital link in an emergency such as that described in my introduction and you can help save a life.